Bone Loss Causing Loose Teeth (Periodontitis)

Periodontal disease or periodontitis represents the number one cause of tooth loss in Australia and may develop without any symptoms. Often your dentist is the first to pick it up.

It involves the destruction of bone surrounding the teeth in response to certain oral bacteria. Almost 15% of the population has periodontitis to some degree whether it is mild moderate or advanced destruction.


The signs of periodontal disease include:

  • Red, swollen, tender, painful or bleeding gums
  • Receded gums and exposed root surfaces
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Loose teeth that may drift to form gaps between the teeth

In severe cases tooth loss may result.

Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Family history
  • Poorly controlled diabetes
  • Stress
  • Poor oral hygiene¬†


Previous bone loss as a result of this disease can be reversed in some cases but in many circumstances it cannot.  Regular check-ups by your dentist can detect the early onset of the disease and prevent it from progressing further.

Professional treatment involves regular (usually 3 monthly) thorough cleaning and elimination of the causative bacteria underneath the gum level.

Behavioural and hygiene modifications are the most important aspect of long term maintenance of the gum condition. Patients are encouraged to quit smoking and ensure their diabetes is well controlled.

If you have suddenly noticed a loose or mobile tooth/teeth contact Adelaide Emergency Dental now on 0437 733 350.